Published 2023

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Publication details

Journal : Aquaculture , vol. 576 , p. 1–6 , 2023

Publisher : Elsevier

International Standard Numbers :
Printed : 0044-8486
Electronic : 1873-5622

Publication type : Academic article

Contributors : Berge, Gerd Marit; Åsgård, Torbjørn Einar; Kottmann, Johanna; Lein, Ingrid

Research areas

Farmed fish

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Kjetil Aune
Chief Librarian


Atlantic halibut go through a period with reduced or no feed intake during their spawning period. This study with male Atlantic halibut aimed to assess the effect of a two-month starvation period corresponding to the naturally occurring spawning induced starvation. The actual loss of nutrients compared to initial body burden, was estimated to 25% for gross energy, 32% for total lipid, 14% for crude protein, and 40% and 44% respectively, for the essential fatty acids EPA (C20:5 n-3) and DHA (C22:6 n-3). This indicates that lipid is the preferred energy source during starvation related to spawning, and the n-3 fatty acids are used to a larger extent than other fatty acids, although mono-unsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs) comprised the largest energy reserve. The difference in relative amount of energy and nutrients used should be considered when formulating diets for re-feeding broodstock of annual spawners like the Atlantic halibut.


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