Skip to main content

Published 2023

Read in Norwegian

Publication details

Journal : Reviews in Aquaculture , p. 1–31 , 2023

Publisher : John Wiley & Sons

International Standard Numbers :
Printed : 1753-5123
Electronic : 1753-5131

Publication type : Academic literature review

Contributors : Falconer, Lynne; Cutajar, Carl; Krupandan, Amalia; Capuzzo, Elisa; Corner, Richard A.; Ellis, Tim; Jeffery, Keith; Mikkelsen, Eirik; Moore, Heather; O'Beirn, Francis X.; O'Donohoe, Pauline; Ruane, Neil M; Shilland, Robyn; Tett, Paul; Telfer, Trevor C.

Research areas

Farmed fish

Resource management

If you have questions about the publication, you may contact Nofima’s Chief Librarian.

Kjetil Aune
Chief Librarian
kjetil.aune@nofima.no

Summary

Marine aquaculture has the potential to increase its contribution to the global food system and provide valuable ecosystem services, but appropriate planning, licensing and regulation systems must be in place to enable sustainable development. At present, approaches vary considerably throughout the world, and several national and regional investigations have highlighted the need for reforms if marine aquaculture is to fulfil its potential. This article aims to map and evaluate the challenges of planning and licensing for growth of sustainable marine aquaculture. Despite the range of species, production systems and circumstances, this study found a number of common themes in the literature; complicated and fragmented approaches to planning and licensing, property rights and the licence to operate, competition for space and marine spatial planning, emerging species and diversifying marine aquaculture production (seaweed production, Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture [IMTA], nutrient and carbon offsetting with aquaculture, offshore aquaculture and co-location and multiuse platforms), and the need to address knowledge gaps and use of decision-support tools. Planning and licensing can be highly complicated, so the UK is used as a case study to show more detailed examples that highlight the range of challenges and uncertainty that industry, regulators and policymakers face across interacting jurisdictions. There are many complexities, but this study shows that many countries have undergone, or are undergoing, similar challenges, suggesting that lessons can be learned by sharing knowledge and experiences, even across different species and production systems, rather than having a more insular focus.

Contacts: