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Published 2021

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Publication details

Journal : Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie , vol. 152 , 2021

Publisher : Academic Press

International Standard Numbers :
Printed : 0023-6438
Electronic : 1096-1127

Publication type : Academic article

Contributors : Mæhre, Hanne K; Weisensee, Sofia; Ballance, Simon; Rieder, Anne


Guar galactomannans effectively reduce post-prandial glycaemic responses and can be used to improve the
health impact of white bread. Here we compare the impact of four guars containing galactomannans with
varying weight-average molecular weight (Mw) at three different wheat flour substitution levels (5, 10 and 15%)
on bread quality. The negative impact of galactomannan incorporation on bread quality becomes more pronounced
at higher substitution levels and with higher Mw. However, Mw is likely to be an important parameter for
the efficacy of such breads. But we observed a degradation of galactomannan during baking, which was likely
caused by enzymatic activity in the dough. A decreased contact time between wheat flour and guar gum, along
with pre-hydration of the guar, improved sensory attributes such as texture, markedly decreased the presence of
large air holes in the crumb and reduced the degree of depolymerisation of galactomannan during baking. The
results from this study give an important starting point for future work of optimizing the baking procedure of
guar fortified breads keeping in mind not only bread quality but also a retained Mw of the active ingredient.