Published 2021

Read in Norwegian

Publication details

Publisher : Nofima AS

International Standard Numbers :
Printed : 978-82-8296-694-8

Publication type : Nofima’s reports

Contributors : Lein, Ingrid; Berge, Gerd Marit; Bogevik, André Sture; Bæverfjord, Grete; Hamre, Kristin; Aas, Grete Hansen; Kortner, Trond M.; Kousoulaki, Aikaterina; Krogdahl, Åshild; Remø, Sofie C.; Sæle, Øystein

Series : Nofima rapportserie 31/2021

Year : 2021

Research areas

Feed development and nutrition

Farmed fish

If you have questions about the publication, you may contact Nofima’s Chief Librarian.

Kjetil Aune
Chief Librarian


Feed for ballan wrasse should be processed at low temperatures to reduce the prevalence and severity of skeletal deformities in ballan wrasse. Increased content of marine phospholipids in the feed can possibly be uses as a strategy to increase the energy reserves in ballan wrasse. The requirement for micronutrients seems to be close to the recommended numbers for salmon. Krill and poultry products can be cheaper alternatives to cod muscle and shrimp meal in feeds for ballan wrasse. However, total replacements with poultry meal resulted in reduced survival and significantly lower growth. More research is needed to optimize both the optimal combination of different feed ingredients and the requirements for specific micronutrients.


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