Published 2016

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Publication details

Journal : Journal of Nutritional Science (JNS) , vol. 5 , p. 1–8 , 2016

Publisher : Cambridge University Press

International Standard Numbers :
Printed : 2048-6790
Electronic : 2048-6790

Publication type : Academic article

Contributors : Ottestad, Inger; Nordvi, Berit; Vogt, Kjell Gjermund; Holck, Marianne; Halvorsen, Bente; Brønner, Kirsti Wettre; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Nilsson, Astrid; Ulven, Stine Marie

Issue : e43

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Kjetil Aune
Chief Librarian


Regular consumption of long-chain n-3 fatty acids (LC n-3 FA) reduces postprandial triacylglycerolaemia. Functional foods and supplements are alternative sources of LC n-3 FA; however, emulsification technologies, food matrices and altered lipid oxidation levels affect their bioavailability. Moreover, which functional foods are optimal LC n-3 FA carriers is unknown. The aim of the study was to determine the bioavailability of LC n-3 FA and the postprandial TAG response after the intake of oxidised or non-oxidised cod liver oil and after the intake of emulsified or non-emulsified LC n-3 FA using novel functional food items as LC n-3 FA carriers in a randomised cross-over acute study. A total of twenty-four healthy subjects completed the study in which subjects consumed one of four different test meals containing 1·5 g LC n-3 FA, or a control meal with no LC n-3 FA. Postprandial TAG-rich lipoproteins were isolated and their fatty acid composition was measured. The LC n-3 FA from emulsified foods were more rapidly incorporated into TAG-rich lipoproteins compared with non-emulsified foods. The incorporation of LC n-3 FA was similar for oils emulsified in yogurt or juice and was unaffected by the oxidative status of the oil. Postprandial TAG levels did not differ among the various test meals. In conclusion, emulsification increases the bioavailability of LC n-3 FA through a more rapid incorporation into TAG-rich lipoproteins, and juice and yogurt are equally suited as LC n-3 FA carriers. The acute intake of oxidised cod liver oil does not influence the incorporation of LC n-3 FA into TAG-rich lipoproteins.