Computed tomography for quantitative determination of sodium chloride in ground pork and dry-cured hams
Journal : Journal of Food Science , vol. 72 , p. 420–1 , 2007
International Standard Numbers
Printed : 0022-1147
Electronic : 1750-3841
Publication type : Academic article
Issue : 9
DOI : doi.org/10.1111/j.1750-3841.20...
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Seventy-five ground meat and fat samples of pork with varying composition of sodium chloride (0% to 16%), fat (1% to 82%), protein (1% to 46%), and water (13% to 76%) were scanned by X-ray computed tomography (CT) at 110 kV. The dependency of CT value on chemical composition and the linear relationships between sodium chloride (NaCl) and CT value were modeled. When all ground samples were used for modeling and no information of chemical composition was included in the model, the prediction error for NaCl was 2.8%. Adding information on fat or protein content to the model reduced the error to 1.6%. A minimal prediction error of 0.2% for NaCl, 1% to 85% fat, 5% to 33% protein, and 7% to 76% water. The NaCl content in dry-cured ham samples was modeled with prediction errors of 0.6% to 2.1%, depending on which chemical component was included in the models. In general, predictions were improved if either the range of concentrations was reduced or information of chemical composition was included in the models. Important sources of error in the models were the reproduction error for ground samples, and for ham samples the analytical errors in determining the chemical composition.