Determination of C22:5 and C22:6 marine fatty acids in pork fat with Fourier transform mid-infrared spectroscopy
Journal : Meat Science , vol. 69 , p. 433–440–8 , 2005
Publisher : Elsevier
International Standard Numbers
Printed : 0309-1740
Electronic : 1873-4138
Publication type : Academic article
DOI : doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2004...
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Fatty acids in samples (n = 74) of pork adipose tissue were measured with a Fourier transform mid-infrared (FT-MIR) spectrometer and by gas chromatography. The measured absorption spectra provided information to estimate partial least squares regression models for fatty acid groups, the iodine value and several fatty acids. The iodine values were predicted with correlation coefficient R = 0.996 and root mean square error of cross-validation RMSECV = 0.658. The sum of the two marine fatty acids of main interest, C22:5n3 + C22:6n3, were predicted with R = 0.982 and RMSECV = 0.062. The K nearest neighbours procedure successfully classified the samples in three classes, depending on their proportions of marine fatty acids. Application of fat and absorption measurements were rapid, requiring less than 5 min of labour per sample. The results reported in this paper demonstrate that FT-MIR measurements can serve as a rapid method to determine marine fatty acids in pork fat. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.