Journal : Acta agriculturæ Scandinavica. Section A, Animal science , vol. 52 , p. 2013–220 , 2002
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
International Standard Numbers
Printed : 0906-4702
Electronic : 1651-1972
Publication type : Academic article
Issue : 4
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Energy partitioning was studied in pigs differing in potential for carcass lean growth and fatty tissue content from 25 to 105 kg body weight, by the means of repeated measures of detailed body composition and individual feed intake. In total, 141 pigs were included from the three genetic groups Norwegian Landrace (lean and efficient), Duroc and Landrace 2 LP (a fat and slow-growing selection line) (LLP). Individual feed consumption was registered, and detailed body composition measured repeatedly by computed tomography. Energy consumption [MJ metabolizable energy (ME) day -1 ] did not differ between the genetic groups. In general, about 40-50% of consumed energy was partitioned to growth. The genetic groups partitioned equal proportions of daily energy consumption to growth (ME GROWTH ) and maintenance (MEm) early and late in the growth period. From 50 to 85 kg body weight Landrace partitioned more to growth and less to maintenance compared with Duroc ( P <0.05). When considering partitioning of ME above maintenance, the genetically fat LLP had the highest net energy retention relative to the heat increment of feeding and was therefore the most efficient, Duroc was in an intermediate position while the lean Landrace had the lowest proportion. The partitioning of ME GROWTH to fatty tissue and carcass lean growth differed between the genetic groups ( P <0.001) according to genetic potential for carcass lean and fatty tissue gain. Increasing proportions were partitioned to fatty tissue growth with increasing body weight. The genetic groups partitioned equal proportions of ME GROWTH to non- fat visceral components (NFVC) growth. MEm varied between 0.65 and 0.68 MJ kg -0.75 day -1 . MEm increased with increasing weight of carcass lean and viscera ( P <0.01), more so in the modern breeds than in the LLP.