Multiple variants of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma are expressed in the liver of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Journal : Gene , vol. 255 , p. 411–418–8 , 2000
Publisher : Elsevier
International Standard Numbers
Printed : 0378-1119
Electronic : 1879-0038
Publication type : Academic article
Issue : 2
DOI : doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1119(00)...
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A full-length cDNA encoding the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) has for the first time been characterized from a fish species. The Atlantic salmon PPAR gamma cDNA of 2528 nucleotides (nt) was amplified from liver mRNA by reverse transcription (RT)-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The deduced protein of 544 amino acids (aa) shares approximately 47% overall sequence identity with mammalian PPAR gamma. The N-terminal A/B region contains a repeated decapeptide motif and shows a low homology with other PPARs. In contrast, the central DNA-binding domain (DBD) and the C-terminal ligand-binding domain (LBD) show a high sequence identity to mammalian and Xenopus PPAR gamma. The salmon PPAR gamma LBD contains nine additional residues in a flexible loop that might affect ligand binding. Northern blot analysis of salmon liver RNA revealed a prominent transcript of about 1.7 kilo bases (kb), in addition to several mRNA species of about 2.4-2.6 kb, which is consistent with the presence of multiple putative polyadenylation sites in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the 2528 nt long PPAR gamma cDNA. Two additional PPAR gamma cDNAs of 1719 and 2357 nt were then isolated. The 2357 nt long transcript encodes full-length PPAR gamma and seems to be ubiquitously expressed in salmon, whereas the liver-specific transcript of 1719 nt encodes a truncated variant of PPAR gamma. The truncated form lacks 39 C-terminal residues including the conserved activation function-2 (AF-2) motif, known to be associated with crucial cofactors. Three-dimensional modelling studies indicated that the C-terminal truncation would result in important alterations of the ligand-binding pocket. The presence of a truncated form with drastic changes in both ligand- and cofactor-binding sites is likely to modulate PPAR gamma activity in salmon liver. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.