Journal : Systematic and Applied Microbiology , vol. 24 , p. 183–191–9 , 2001
International Standard Numbers
Printed : 0723-2020
Electronic : 1618-0984
Publication type : Academic article
Issue : 2
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Eleven bacterial strains were isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of four fish species, Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.), Arctic chart (Salvelinus alpinus L.), Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) and wolffish (Anarhichas hipus L.). All the strains were Gram-positive rods, non-sporing, catalase and oxidase-negative, able to grow at pH 9.0 but not on acetate containing media (pH: 5.4), and were fermentative. They had a high content of oleic acid (18:1 n-9) in cellular lipid, and were found to belong to the genus Carnobacterium by phenotypic criteria. The eleven carnobacteria strains were further identified on the basis of 16S rDNA sequence analysis and AFLPT (TM) fingerprinting.