Journal : Tidsskrift for boligforskning , vol. 4 , p. 95–129 , Friday 17. December 2021
Publisher : Universitetsforlaget
International Standard Numbers
Printed : 2535-5988
Electronic : 2535-5988
Publication type : Academic article
Issue : 2
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It is claimed that the Norwegian housing market for used homes is characterized by a high level of conflict between buyers and sellers. A high level of conflict is unfortunate because it may indicate that pricing is incorrect and that resources are being used to deal with the conflicts instead of for productive business. In this article, we examine whether it is the information asymmetry between the buyer and seller of a used Norwegian home that is the cause of the level of conflict. The seller naturally knows more about the condition of the home than the buyer. This asymmetric information means that the buyer in many cases becomes disappointed with the actual condition of the home after taking it over, and thus chooses to complain about the home purchase. As a result of the level of conflict, the Norwegian Parliament has passed a new Disposal Act (the main law regulating sale of used homes in Norway). We use a structural equation model (SEM) on a sample of Norwegians that have recently bought or sold a used home. We find that this market is strongly characterized by asymmetric information, i.e. the less the buyer states that he has knowledge of the condition of the home before the takeover, the greater the chance that the buyer is dissatisfied with the purchase, and thus chooses to complain. We conclude that the buyerʼs ability to acquire information and understand the condition of the home is crucial for the level of conflict to be reduced. In addition, the model is used to study one of the measures in the new Disposal Act, namely the removal of the wording ‘sold as isʼ. We investigate whether this will reduce the level of conflict.