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Published 2014

Read in Norwegian

Publication details

Journal : Nutrition and Diabetes , vol. 4 , p. 6 , 2014

Publisher : Nature Publishing Group

International Standard Numbers :
Printed : 2044-4052
Electronic : 2044-4052

Publication type : Academic article

Contributors : Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita; Kodama, Yosuke; Mjøs, Svein Are; Zhao, Chun-Mei; Johannesen, Helene; Brattbakk, Hans-Richard; Haugen, Christine; Kulseng, Bård Eirik; Mellgren, Gunnar; Chen, Duan

Issue : JUNE

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Summary

Background: A combined procedure of sleeve gastrectomy and duodenal switch (SG+DS) has been applied to the treatment of super obesity. The aim of the present study was to test whether duodenal switch alone (DS) leads to similar weight loss and changes in lipid metabolism as SG+DS.
Methods: Male Sprague–Dawley rats underwent sham surgery (Sham, N=7), duodenal switch alone (DS, N=5) or sleeve gastrectomy followed by duodenal switch (SG+DS, N=5). Body weight, feed and water intakes, and ambulatory activity were recorded 2 months post surgery. Tissue and faecal lipids, faecal bile acids, plasma cytokines and lipid metabolism-related gene expression in adipose tissue and liver were analysed.
Results: Daily energy intake, relative feed uptake, ambulatory activity and body weight reduction were similar between DS and SG+DS rats. The hepatic triacylglycerol content was higher and faecal secretion of triacylglycerol was lower after SG+DS compared to DS (P<0.05). Faecal bile acid secretion was higher in SG+DS than in DS rats (P<0.05) despite similar hepatic CYP7A1mRNA level. Plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-1b, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-12, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and tumour necrosis factor alpha were higher in SG+DS than in DS rats (P<0.05).
Conclusions: Although DS and SG+DS had similar efficacy in terms of body weight loss, SG+DS resulted in a poorer regulation of lipid metabolism than DS.