Journal : Meat Science , vol. 65 , p. 1147–1155 , 2003
Publisher : Elsevier
International Standard Numbers
Printed : 0309-1740
Electronic : 1873-4138
Publication type : Academic article
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Effects of commercial rosemary antioxidants on oxidative stability of mechanically deboned turkey meat (MDTM) compared with Trolox C (vitamin E), ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and control without antioxidant were investigated. Antioxidants were added to meat at three levels. Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) assay and dynamic headspace gas chromatography were used to assess the effects of commercial antioxidants on lipid stability of MDTM during 7 months of frozen storage. Increased levels of TBA-reactive substances (TBARS) and volatile carbonyl compounds were noticed in all meat samples during storage, however most distinctly in meat without antioxidants. Retarding effect of antioxidants on the development of oxidation depended on the level and type antioxidants. Trolox C—a water soluble, synthetic derivative of vitamin E possessed the greatest antioxidative activity reflected by the lowest values of TBARS and volatile compounds. Ascorbic acid was less efficient than Trolox C and Biolox HT-W (rosemary), but more potent than most rosemary extracts in suppressing lipid oxidation especially in the long term frozen storage MDTM. The DPPH method confirmed that antioxidant activity depends on the concentration of active compounds present in the samples available to scavenge the free radicals formed during the storage period. Supplementation of MDTM with antioxidants could be an alternative method to prevent oxidative degradation of the meat during frozen storage when vacuum packaging is not practical.