Real-time closed tube single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) quantification in pooled samples by quencher extension (QEXT)
Journal : Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) , vol. 31 , p. e117 , 2003
Publisher : Oxford University Press
International Standard Numbers
Printed : 0305-1048
Electronic : 1362-4962
Publication type : Academic article
DOI : doi.org/10.1093/nar/gng118
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Quencher extension (QEXT) is a novel single step closed tube real-time method to quantify SNPs using reporters and quenchers in combination with primer extension. A probe with a 5'-reporter dye is single base extended with a dideoxy nucleotide containing a quencher dye if the target SNP allele is present. The extension is recorded from the quenching (reduced fluorescence) of the reporter dye. This avoids the influence from the unincorporated dye-labeled nucleotides, resulting in high accuracy and signal to noise ratio. The relative amount of a specific SNP allele is determined from the nucleotide incorporation rate in a thermo-cycling reaction. We tested the QEXT assay using five SNPs in the Listeria monocytogenes inlA gene as a model system. The presence or the target SNP alleles were determined with high statistical confidence (p < 0.0005).The quantitative detection limits were between 0 and 5 % for the targeted SNP alleles in a background of other SNP alleles (p < 0.05). The QEXT method is directly adaptable to current real-time PCR equipment, and is thus suited for high-throughput and a wide application range.