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Published 2015

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Publication details

Journal : Aquaculture Research , vol. 46 , p. 226–235–10 , 2015

International Standard Numbers :
Printed : 1355-557X
Electronic : 1365-2109

Publication type : Academic article

Contributors : Puvanendran, Velmurugu; Falk-Petersen, Inger-Britt; Lysne, Hege; Tveiten, Helge; Toften, Hilde; Peruzzi, Stefano

Issue : 1


We carried out an experiment to determine how rapidly the early incubation temperature of Atlantic cod eggs can be increased without affecting normal embryonic development and hatching. Atlantic cod eggs were incubated at a constant low temperature (4.5 ±0.5°C; T5 - control) and 4 temperature increment treatments where the temperatures were increased stepwise from 4.5°C at zygote stage to 9.5±05°C (T1-8h, T2-32h, T3-64h, T4-96h). Embryonic cell symmetry, embryonic mortality, hatching success and larval skeletal abnormalities, length and yolk sac volume were recorded. Larval samples were also taken at hatch for histological analysis. Except for higher egg mortality and lower hatching success in the T1 the differences among experimental groups were minor. Cell asymmetries and embryo mortalities were not significantly different between the control and T2-T4 treatment groups. Control larvae were significantly longer and had smaller yolk reserves at hatch than T1-T4 larvae and larvae from T2 had the largest yolk reserves. Tissue and organ histology of hatched larvae were similar. Considering embryonic cleavage pattern, hatching success and larval morphology and histology, a gradual increment of temperature in 32h seems to be the better choice for future developmental programming studies in Atlantic cod.